This was a very helpful article to read. Although I teach third grade and phonics is not heavily taught, I have many students who are significantly below grade level. It was insightful for me to read about different strategies to help those students. It may not be done as a whole group but I meet with these students who are labeled “intensive” every day for similar phonics and phonemic awareness activities. Something else helpful that I gained from the article was the order in which the phonemic awareness activities were taught. I had always thought to teach the individual phonemes first then build up to things like rhyming and syllables. But it makes more sense to start with the “bigger and easier” items since students don’t need to read these words in order to participate in most of these activities. Just listen.